Just like humans, dogs can suffer from dental issues. One of the most common dental issues for dogs is gum disease.

Gum disease is an infection of the tissues and bones that support your dog’s teeth, and it’s caused by bacteria in plaque buildup. If left untreated, gum disease can cause serious health problems for your pup.

Here’s what you need to know about gum disease in dogs.

Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease in Dogs

The signs and symptoms of gum disease in dogs vary depending on the severity of the infection, but some common signs include bad breath; red or swollen gums; yellow-brown tartar buildup on the teeth; visible pus around the gums; bleeding from the mouth when eating or chewing; and receding gums. If you notice any of these symptoms it’s important to take your pup to a vet as soon as possible.

Causes and Risk Factors

Gum disease is caused by plaque buildup on the teeth which leads to an infection called periodontal disease.

Plaque is a sticky film made up of bacteria, food particles, saliva, and other debris that builds up on your dog’s teeth over time and can lead to inflammation and infection if not properly removed with daily brushing or professional cleanings at a vet’s office.

Certain breeds are more prone to gum disease due to their genetics, so if your pup belongs to one of those breeds (such as Toy Poodles or Cocker Spaniels) it’s important to keep an eye out for signs and symptoms before they become more serious.

Additionally, age plays a role—older dogs are more likely than younger ones to develop the periodontal disease because their gums tend to be weaker and less able to handle plaque buildup over time.

Treatment and Prevention

Fortunately, there are several ways you can help prevent periodontal disease from developing in your pup.

Regular brushing (at least once a day) is essential for removing plaque buildup before it has a chance to harden into tartar—a harder substance that requires professional cleaning with special tools at the vet’s office.

Additionally, regular visits with your veterinarian will help keep tabs on your dog’s oral health. Your vet may recommend additional treatments such as antibiotics or deep cleanings depending on how severe the condition is and how far along it has progressed.


Dog owners should be aware that gum disease is a common problem among pups—but there are many ways you can help prevent it from occurring in the first place!

Regular brushing and visits with your veterinarian will go a long way toward keeping your pup’s mouth healthy and free from infection.

If you think your pup may have gum disease don’t hesitate—take them to see their vet today! Doing so could save them from discomfort now—and maybe even major health problems down the road!